OLYMPIC GAMES, Ancient Greece



Classical Bulletin
Special Issue 2, 2018
doi: 10.33909/cb/94.2018.02.44
OLYMPIC GAMES, Ancient Greece
By: Mac Medlen Vouler
Univ S Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208 USA.

Abstract
As in our days, winning at the Olympic Games brings glory and fame, which is reflected on the city. The list of olympionike is long, but some names remain etched in history. Coroebos (or Koroïbos), winner of the stadium race in 776 BC, remains the first Olympionike whose name has come down to us; Akhantos of Sparta won in 720 BC the first Olympic dolichos; Lampis de Laconie is honored in 708 BC to win the first edition of the pentathle; Onomastos of Smyrna is, in 688 BC, the first laureate of pugilat ... During the first two centuries of the Games, the athletes of Sparta are particularly brilliant: from 776 to 576 BC, the Spartans would have won forty-six of the eighty-one Olympic competitions. Among these Spartan champions, the fast Chionis stands out: from 668 to 656 BC, he wins the stadium race four times consecutively. In the 6th century BC, Crotone, a small city of Calabria founded less than a century ago by the Achaeans, knows a sudden radiation. Certainly, its port is beautiful, its large fleet, its mild climate, good management brings him wealth, but all this is nothing: the exploits of its competitors at the Olympic Games earned him his fame. His champions stand out among others in the prestigious stadium race: Glaukias (588), Lykinos (584), Hippostratos (564, 560), Diognetos (548), Ischomachos (508, 504), Tisikrates (496, 492), Astylos ( 488, 484, 480), which also wins three times the diaulos, are olympionike. But the most prestigious of all these champions is the wrestler Milon.
Keywords: Olymic Games, Ancient Greece, Olympic competitions