A research about the most formative impact in urging historians


By: Lyndal Roper
International Society for Cultural History, USA
doi: 10.33909/cb/94.2018.04.44 
CLASSICAL BULLETIN Volume: 94 Issue: 4 
Pages: 57-73 Published: DEC 2018

Abstract
Scholars have tried, for instance, to explain how the ascending bourgeoisie influenced various parameters of concert life in the eighteenth and nineteenth century. They have examined changing behavioural patterns of the audience (Müller 2015, Johnson 1994) and a ‘transformation of taste’ (Weber 2000). Most of the studies, however, do not really attempt to explain what role the emotional impact of music itself played. How did audiences experience different musical styles in different contexts? This article approaches this rather difficult question by applying a comparative methodology. The starting point is the observation that the performance contexts of ‘classical’ music were far from being homogeneous. By examining four performances of Ludwig van Beethoven's Leonora Overture No. 3 in highly different social contexts in Berlin from 1895–1907 — ranging from gala concerts of working class choirs, to open air military concerts, to performances in bourgeois circles — this article attempts to illustrate how the analysis of concert contexts can serve as a means to better understand the emotional experiences of concert audiences.
Kewords: historians, important thesis, classical study

Exciting information about workers, working-class politics, peasant economies of Germany

 
By: Joan Wallach Scott
Howard Chiang, University of California, Davis, USA
doi: 10.33909/cb/94.2018.04.43 
CLASSICAL BULLETIN Volume: 94 Issue: 4 
Pages: 42-56 Published: DEC 2018

Abstract
So, for example, alongside a demographic historian who calculates the historical movements of the size of family, or age at marriage, cultural historians probe the ideas about family, obligation, conjugality, with all the contradictions and points of pressure and conflict which they induced in people's lives. Or, alongside the study of doctrine, theology and ecclesiastical structures – areas long studied by historians of religion – cultural historians seek out the practices through which religion was disseminated, experienced, interpreted and applied. This has meant that cultural historians have often also been innovators in the search for sound and viable ways of approaching and identifying ways into the daily lives of people who did not generate a great deal of documentation. Yet, it is wrong to think of cultural history as a 'people's history' alone; its operations are as illuminating when applied to courts, politics and armies; to the art and clothing, literature, grammar and music of the few and privileged.
Keywords: workers, working-class politics, peasant economies of Germany


Formation and development of the legislative basis of the state information policy

 
By: Khalid Niyazov
Institute of the Law and Human Rights of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Azerbaijan
doi: 10.33909/cb/94.2018.03.45 
CLASSICAL BULLETIN Volume: 94 Issue: 4 
Pages: 74-96 Published: DEC 2018
Abstract
Azerbaijan has undertaken complex measures to ensure mass media, freedom of speech, information, freedom of speech, and individual in the past 25 years, as a country that has chosen a path of democratic, legal, secular state building. These events are continuing in the present day too and information - international experience is deeply studied to form an open society, and national legislation is adequately upgraded to the demands of the new era. The state, as the main provider of information freedom, determines the legal regime of information, the rules of access to information, the rules of access to information and the rules for the freedom of information as a whole with the help of legal regulation. At the same time, it imposes legal remedies to prevent the exercise of this freedom. After the restoration of state independence in Azerbaijan, a new stage in the development of mass media, which is an essential attribute of civil society and the rule of law, has been laid. The fact that our country holds one of the leading places in the CIS for the dynamics of freedom of speech and press in the last 25 years is conditioned by these facts. The development history of the Azerbaijani press has passed a long and complicated way. Generally speaking, although the history of the press as its public institution is not as old as history, it is gratifying that the history of the Azerbaijani press is one of the first in Central Asia and Eastern Europe.
Key words:   state information policy, information law, freedom of thought, speech and press, information space, information security, information society.

The visioning of cultural identity and urban renewal in divided cities of USA


By: Sawhney, Yacoub, Norman

doi: 10.33909/cb/94.2018.03.41 
CLASSICAL BULLETIN Volume: 94 Issue: 4 
Pages: 5-22 Published: DEC 2018

Abstract
Guided by the examples of excellent historians the 'cultural' turn began to affect a wide range of reinterpretations of historical moments as well as long-term processes. The German Reformation, for example, so long studied by historians and theologians deeply entrenched in confessional warfare, has produced a rigid map of 'confessions' in Europe, of regions each adhering to a set of theological tenets, and their related political and social practices. All this changed with the advent of R. W. Scribner's studies of the Reformation in the 1980s as a clash of attitudes to authority and the sacred, represented by the symbols and rhythms of daily life.(3) Scribner identified change alongside long continuities, and this complicated matters considerably, as much cultural history does: for he found that Lutherans created a 'cult' around miraculous and incombustible 'images' of Luther.

Vol.94 Contents - Issue 4

Article 41: The visioning of cultural identity and urban renewal in divided cities of USA
By: Sawhney, Yacoub, Norman
doi: 10.33909/cb/94.2018.04.41
CLASSICAL BULLETIN Volume: 94 Issue: 4, published: DEC 2018
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Article 42: Cultural history as a 'people's history', its operations to courts, politics and armies
By: Edward P. Thompson
doi: 10.33909/cb/94.2018.04.42
CLASSICAL BULLETIN Volume: 94 Issue: 4,Published: DEC 2018
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Article 43: Exciting information about workers, working-class politics, peasant economies of Germany
By: Joan Wallach Scott
doi: 10.33909/cb/94.2018.04.43
CLASSICAL BULLETIN Volume: 94 Issue: 4, Published: DEC 2018
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Article 44: A research about the most formative impact in urging historians
By: Lyndal Roper
doi: 10.33909/cb/94.2018.04.44
CLASSICAL BULLETIN Volume: 94 Issue: 4, Published: DEC 2018
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Article 45: Formation and development of the legislative basis of the state information policy
By: Khalid Niyazov
doi: 10.33909/cb/94.2018.04.45
CLASSICAL BULLETIN Volume: 94 Issue: 4, Published: DEC 2018
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Article 46: 'The moral economy of the English crowd in the eighteenth century'
By: Caroline Walker Bynum
doi: 10.33909/cb/94.2018.04.46
CLASSICAL BULLETIN Volume: 94 Issue: 4, Published: DEC 2018
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Article 47: The weak moral judgement, dissimulation, credulity, lower life expectancy, weak powers during the Middle Ages
By: Robert W. Scribner
doi: 10.33909/cb/94.2018.04.47
CLASSICAL BULLETIN Volume: 94 Issue: 4, Published: DEC 2018
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Article 48: Social structure and the field we now call gender – adequate to the task of understanding the complex realities of relations between and among men and women
By: Nguyen-Gillham
doi: 10.33909/cb/94.2018.04.48
CLASSICAL BULLETIN Volume: 94 Issue: 4, published: DEC 2018
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Article 49: The lives of workers – hitherto hidden from history – were used to discover women: in factories, in bread riots
By: V, Giacaman, Naser
doi: 10.33909/cb/94.2018.04.49
CLASSICAL BULLETIN Volume: 94 Issue: 4, Published: DEC 2018
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Article 50: The historical strategies during religious wars and among the destitute poor.
By: G, Boyce John
doi: 10.33909/cb/94.2018.04.50
CLASSICAL BULLETIN Volume: 94 Issue: 4, Published: DEC 2018
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