Special Issue III Volume 94, 2018

VOLUME 94 * SPECIAL ISSUE 3
Contents


The «other prince»: piety and charisma of Ferdinand the Catholic in his courtly environment
Mary, Montano Clivera

Classical Bulletin, Special Issue 3, 2018; p.5-17
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Fernando de Aragón, Isabel de Castilla and the early perception of Turkish danger (1472-1480)
Miguel Moenos
Classical Bulletin, Special Issue 3, 2018; p.18-26
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Fernando el Católico a la Muerte: the attack in Barcelona and its rapporteurs
John Smyth Daniel
Classical Bulletin, Special Issue 3, 2018; p. 107-124
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Prophet - the Sacred Hero of Huseyin Javid's romanticizm
Sona Veliyeva

Classical Bulletin, Special Issue 3, 2018; p. 124-134
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The perception of the Jews under the reign of Fernando II according to the inquisitor Don Martin García (ca. 1441-1521)
Eniya Phoro Sorenots
Classical Bulletin, Special Issue 3, 2018; p.135-142
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Fernando el Católico and the reform of the Spanish Benedictines and Benedictines (1474-1516)
Ernesto Balbuondo Iosiph
Classical Bulletin, Special Issue 3, 2018; p.143-156
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The privilege of presentation of bishops in Spain granted by three popes to Emperor Charles V (1523-1536)
Richard Harder Mell
Classical Bulletin, Special Issue 3, 2018; p.Classical Bulletin, Special Issue 3, 2018; p.157-168
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Spirituality (s) na corte (Portugal, c.1450-c.1520): what readings, what senses?
María De Lurdes Rosa
Classical Bulletin, Special Issue 3, 2018; 169-174
PDF (PORTUGUÊS (PORTUGAL))

An approach to the integration of the religious service in the Court of Ferdinand the Catholic: his role inside and outside the royal entourage
Martin Alvares
Classical Bulletin, Special Issue 3, 2018; p.175-187
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Forms and functions of the religious poetry of Antonio Geraldini written in the Ferdinand era
Martin Früh
Classical Bulletin, Special Issue 3, 2018; p.188-197
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Historiography and bibliography

Sources for the history of the Church in the Documentary Center of Historical Memory
José Luis Hernández Luis
Classical Bulletin, Special Issue 3, 2018; p.198-210
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A Saint Mary Magdalene from the circle of Jan van Dornicke or Master of 1518
Jesús Rojas-Marcos González
Classical Bulletin, Special Issue 3, 2018; p.211-223
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Conflict of powers around the sacred images and jewels of the convents suppressed in the nascent Republic of Colombia
Roger Pita Pico
Classical Bulletin, Special Issue 3, 2018; p.224-238
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A private library of Zaragoza from the early fifteenth century: the books of Miguel Rubio, canon of Pilar
Helena Carvajal González
Classical Bulletin, Special Issue 3, 2018; p.239-315
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Analyzing the Karabakh issue in the Azerbaijani poetry
Marziyya Najafova Allahyar

Classical Bulletin, Special Issue 3, 2018; p.316-329
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Conversations

Conversation in Madrid with Antonio Linage Conde
Essie Shimmel Noterdas
Classical Bulletin, Special Issue 3, 2018; p.330-336
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Christianity: an imperialist and opportunist religion of Roman origin


Classical Bulletin
Issue 3, 2018
doi: 10.33909/cb/94.2018.03.38

Christianity: an imperialist and opportunist religion of Roman origin

By: Beasom Patrick
Univ N Carolina, Greensboro, NC 27412 USA.

Abstract:
Until when was the Christian movement a Jewish current in rivalry with other Jewish currents? What does the gaze of "others", Greco-Roman authorities and intellectuals, learn on this point? It has often been argued that Julius Caesar declared Judaism religio licita and Domitian, Christianity religio illicita, to affirm that the Roman authorities at the end of the first century distinguished Christianity from Judaism; in fact, these concepts do not appear to have had any legal reality and seem an invention of modern historiography. However, at the time of Caesar, Jews have the right to practice their customs and follow their laws. At the beginning of the fourth century, they were exempted from the obligation to offer libation to the idols that Diocletian had imposed on all peoples (according to TJ Avodah Zarah 5, 4).
We must then turn to the pagan intellectuals. In the first decades of the second century, Suetonius, Tacitus, Pliny the Younger are sensitive to the originality of the Christian movement. But, at the same time, Tacitus accuses Christians of hatred against the human race, while Fronton de Cirta, the master of Marcus Aurelius, recounts their ritual meal where they kill a child, drink its blood and devour its flesh and at in which they practice incest; at about the same time, the philosopher Justin converted to Christianity is accused of atheism; he replies with force: "atheists, yes, we are, but of your gods". These accusations are in fact resumptions of anti-Semitic themes developed by the Egyptian priests against the Jews (see the Counter-Apion of Flavius Josephus). Anti-Judaism seems to have been born in Egyptian houses of life. The Jews were accused of amixia, unsociability, atheism, ritual murder. But the very fact that the accusations directed against the Christians take up the old accusations against the Jews is only possible if, in the middle of the second century, the Christian movement is not distinguished from Judaism, even though its singularity is affirmed. About 170, in his True Speech, the pagan Celsus describes well this complex articulation between Judaism and Christianity: the second is a dissidence of the first, which was dissident of the Egyptian religion; the legitimacy of Judaism is therefore weak; that of Christianity is nil. At that time, therefore, the partition between the two religions is not realized, at least in the eyes of the pagans.
Keywords: roman, origin, christinaity

Information and Press as Institutions of Socio-Political System of Azerbaijan Government


Classical Bulletin
Special Issue 2, 2018
doi: 10.33909/cb/94.2018.02.47

Information and Press as Institutions of Socio-Political System of Azerbaijan Government

By: Rahimzade Vugar Ganjali
Azerbaijan National Academy of Siences, Nakhcivan Section

ABSTRACT
Information policyis an activity of a person to actualize and realize his interests in society by means of creation, modification, preservation and transfer of all types of information. Information policy is a special field of people`s activity who is involved in the presentation and dissemination of information (political figures, scientists, analysts, journalists, listeners, readers and etc.) that meets interests of social groups and public institutions. Information policy has two types: state and private.
Information policy is informatiology of the mass media. Informatiology of the mass media considers how it shapes ideological, political, economic and other views, thoughts, knowledge and evaluation that influence the welfare, culture, conduct of people and all sides of their life. According to the main principle of the implementation of state information policy the interests of a person and state must be mutually preserved. The mass media can operate freely and play a growing role in public changes.
Keywords: information policy, informatiology, mass media, information society, Socio-Political System Internet media.

The history of communication: From prehistory to the present day


Classical Bulletin
Special Issue 2, 2018
    doi: 10.33909/cb/94.2018.02.49
The history of communication:
From prehistory to the present day
By: Humble Noreen
Univ St Thomas, St Paul, MN 55105 USA.

Abstract
Indeed, at that time, men started to communicate thanks to the rock art.
The term rock art qualifies artistic manifestations on rocky supports. This form of art is the only cultural event that has continued for more than 3000 years without interruption.
For the realized ones, the prehistoric men had several techniques:
- Engraving, where the artists hammered the rock support with a hard stone.
- Painting: the artists used colored powders that came from crushed minerals. The painting allowed them to represent the manes, hairs and fur of animals.
Rock paintings could mark a territory of habitation or hunting.
Keywords: prehistory time, present day, communication

I study / my dream job – Testimonials


Classical Bulletin
Special Issue 2, 2018
doi: 10.33909/cb/94.2018.02.46
I study / my dream job – Testimonials

by Dyson Henry
Illinois University, USA
Abstract
"I started English classes at the age of 9. The teacher was not particularly fun and friendly, but I did not care, I thought it was fantastic to be able to understand and speak another language!
I was so happy to have made this discovery that I wanted to share it with everyone, and the best way to pass on a language was for me to teach it. Since then, this desire to become a teacher has not left me.
My vocation having appeared so early, the choice of my studies was not very complicated. I was one of the lucky and lucky people who already knew where to go and how.
From high school, I knew that I was going to write a baccalaureate and that I would finish in English. Finally, I first went through a provincial preparatory class, before finishing with a degree in English.
"Keywords: Testimonial, Classical bulletin, study