Fascist Jews in The World War: “Discrimination” Requests Regime

  
by
Enrica Asquer
USA

Abstract
This article investigates how Fascists qualified as belonging to the “Jewish race” reacted to the proclamation of the “Laws for the Defence of the Race” and, in particular, how they tried to take advantage of the special legal treatment called “discrimination”, that allowed them to avoid some of the effects of the anti-Semitic legislation. In fact, together with its persecutory measures, the Royal Decree of November 17, 1938, granted some slight dispensations to “Jewish” Italian citizens who could prove to have special merits in the military, political or economic spheres. Drawing on a sample of Milanese Jews’ personal dossiers submitted to the General Directorate for Demography and Race in 1938-1939, this article analyses the self-portrayals strategically devised by those who declared themselves Fascists, in order to illustrate the ‘good Fascist’ reference profiles they crafted and, indirectly, the varying conceptions of Fascism and Nation which had been at the basis of their closeness to the regime.

On the wars of postmodern stage: Systematic problems of the period in the context of the theoretical explanations and the future perpectives.


by
 Babir Quliyev


Abstract.The article discusses the postmodern war, the fundamental changes taking place in theoretical and practical terms, as well as the need to study the topics mentioned in terms of the formation of the newest models of warfare. By using military-scientific concepts  author explains new approaches and concepts of war, asymmetric paradigm, as well as, considering their place in the military doctrines of different countries. In addition, some aspects of the Armenian-Azerbaijani Nagorno-Karabakh conflict discussed in terms of a new paradigm. In conclusion, the author attempts to systematize features post-modern wars and speculates about possible prospects.

Keywords: Postmodern stage, models of war, military science, security, asymmetric war

Memories, Myths and Representations of a Contested Land

Memories, Myths and Representations of a Contested Land
by Aide Esu

Abstract
Israel and Palestine, over the course of their historical conflict, have created a complex patchwork of memory narratives dealing with different representations of the same landscape. The article examines how the two peoples have elaborated their narratives of national identity by practicing a pre-modern repertoire to shape a modern identity, and by knitting together their collective, multiple visions of the land. Israelis and Palestinians have used space as a temporal-spatial tool to practice the remembering of lost land and to elaborate an imaginative geography. Attention is focused on the relations created by the process of dreaming/imagining space, and on the intricacies, denials, oblivion and ambivalence related to memory construction.

About the Some Mythes in the History of Europe. “Golden Rain and Early Modern Drama”

About the Some Mythes in the History of Europe. “Golden Rain and Early Modern Drama”


by Julie Sanders
Keele University
ena13@cc.keele.edu

 
Abstract
In a telling scene from the film version of Henry James's The Wings of the Dove (dir. Iain Softley, 1998), Merton Densher, already engaged in an illicit encounter with his lover Kate Croy, meets unexpectedly at an art gallery with the American heiress Milly Theale. She takes him to view Gustav Klimt's painting of Danae. What makes this visual image provided by the canvas symbolically apposite for the film audience's own spectatorship of the Milly-Merton encounter is the explicit connection it makes between sex and money, the two driving forces of James's 1902 novel. In classical mythology, Danae was impregnated by Jove in the form of a shower of gold, but the coins flowing into the female protagonist's vagina in the Klimt interpretation are far from ambiguous signifiers. An intriguing question therefore is at what stage did this highly secularised reading of the Danae story – one in which the shower of gold becomes money in its most tangible form – begin to predominate? An investigation of early modern drama begins to suggest that it was in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries that this idea took hold. This essay is a distillation of that search.

"The decrepit nobility" and "community": the burgundian lands in the face of French aggression in 1477

"The decrepit nobility" and "community": the burgundian lands
in the face of French aggression in 1477 


by Chrisopher S. Pelling
University of Illinois, USA

Description military conflicts took most of the Medieval-postglacial chronicles. Burgundy historians pursued the purpose of glorifying the exploits of the  Knights. However, the events that followed the death of Charles the Bold at Nancy in 1477, showed that many members of the second class devoted to the interests of Burgundy home or advocated acc-shenie with the king, while the citizens are actively defended Mary of Burgundy. Zhan Moline, who described the events of that period, "chrono ke" and prosimetrum "Shipwreck of the Virgin", clearly demonstrated the inability of "decrepit nobility" to perform its functions and the pu