Eisphora - military tax in peacetime (according to the treaties on the lease of public land in Attica mid-IV century. bc. e.)

Eisphora - military tax in peacetime (according to the treaties on the lease of  public land in Attica mid-IV century. bc. e.)

 by  Enrique B. Brain
Georgetown University, USA
Abstract: Purpose of the article - the consideration for the payment of eyesore (Extraordinarition tax) members of the public land lease in Attica in the IV. before e. Based on a careful study of epigraphy (on public land lease inscriptions in Attica) data the author draws Attention to the cases of charging eysfory in transactions with public property. Eysfora was paid by both citizens and non-governmental organizations. The amount of the tax depended on many factors (income from the leased land from agricultural production and other conditions).
Keywords: public land, eysfora, tenants Teli, contract, demos, Oregon.

Emperor of Constance's in the church history concentration of Constantinople

Emperor of Constance's in the church history concentration of Constantinople

by Yaakov Talsabaskiy
Saint Louis University, USA

ABSTRACT:  This text is not so much a special study as the introduction to this collection. Article examines the role of war in the history of civilization by analyzing essay relationship between the concepts of war and peace in different historical periods, an assessment of the war as a phenomenon, is a typology of wars.
Keywords: war, peace, history of civilization, the ancient world, the Middle Ages, modern times


Holocaust Memoralization; Britishnest and Domesticated Kindertransport

Classical Bulletin
Issue 2
Summer/Autumn 2016
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Holocaust Memoralization; Britishnest and Domesticated Kindertransport
by Morand Capra Dorothea

Abstract
This article explores the politics of Holocaust memorialization by examining the intersection of education, commemoration and national identity in 21st-century Britain since the inaugural Holocaust Memorial Day in 2001. The article shows how institutionalized spheres have intersected with contemporary cultural dis-course surrounding questions of civic morality, immigration and the memory of other genocides. The main argument put forward is that the way in which the Ho-locaust has been indelibly associated with these issues has both implicitly and explicitly connected Holocaust discourse to contemporary debates on what con-stitutes British identity in the 21st century. The article also suggests that highly domesticated narratives of the period are often used to promote a self-congratulatory notion of British identity and supposed British exceptionalism.

Alternatives for Medievalists: Ca-reers of the independent scholars

Classical Bulletin
Issue 2
Summer/Autumn 2016
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Alternatives for Medievalists: Ca-reers of the independent scholars

by Dr. Brad Morgan Bloomy
Head, Bibliographic and Metadata Services

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As we all know, the paucity of jobs in the academic humanities as been a reality now for well over fifteen years. Despite the movement of uni-versities and colleges towards the use of adjunct faculty, and the con-tinuing policy of using unfilled or re-tired humanities positions as oppor-tunities for reorganization and reallo-cation of funds and resources to business and science, advanced de-gree humanities scholars continue to graduate and flood the academic marketplace. Recent graduates in medievalism are no exception to this trend. The question is: do you per-sonally continue to follow the tradi-tional road (whatever that may be or entail) to an academic faculty posi-tion, despite the enormous odds against you; or do you reassess, reevaluate, and reinvent yourself in order to use your education and ex-perience to your advantage, and still make a comfortable and (more im-portantly) meaningful lifetime voca-tion for yourself?

Leadership and Mediavel formation of ethnic nationalism: centralization

Classic Bulletin
Issue 2
Summer/Autumn 2016
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Leadership and Mediavel formation of ethnic nationalism: centralization

by Eduardo Wellington,
Smith College, USA
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Abstract: One of the Beowulf poet's purposes is to inspire a sense of common identity in an ethnically complex audience by reimagining relations between vari-ous hero-peoples of a traditional past with whom members of that audience might have identified. However, the poem's ethnogenesis failed to achieve broad cul-tural authority. It proved superfluous to the task of national consciousness-building which was already being accomplished on a biblical model of moral ethnicity adumbrated in the poem itself.